Shin and leg pain

Shin pain is a very common lower leg complaint and is easily treatable.

Shin splints

  • Shin splints often involve small tears of the leg muscle near the shin bone. It is more common among people involved in athletic pursuits such as running and walking, although non athletic activities such as standing all day at work can also lead to shin splints.
  • Symptoms can include
  • A dull ache in the front part of the lower leg.
  • Pain that develops during exercise.
  • Pain on either side of the shinbone.
  • Pain along the inner part of the lower leg.
Rest and ice
Staying off the leg and applying ice packs help reduce the swelling and pain. Apply an ice pack, placing a thin towel between the ice and the skin. Use ice for 20 minutes and then wait at least 40 minutes before icing again.
Oral medications
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, may help relieve the pain and inflammation.
Pre-formed or custom if required
Reduces pain and increases blood flow and healing.
Footwear assessment and recommendations
Support the foot and lessen the amount of pressure on the ball of the foot.
Activity and training reccommendations
We aim to get you pain-free and performing your normal sport or daily activities in the shortest time possible.
Some of the common questions for this treatment
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  • What causes shin splints?
  • Shin splints are caused by overstraining of your muscles where they attach to your shin.
    The most common cause is overuse or overtraining associated with poor foot and leg biomechanics. Shin splints can be caused by a number of factors which are mainly biomechanical (abnormal movement patterns) and errors in training.
    Here are some of the most common causes:
    - Over pronation of your feet. (rolling in or flattening of the arch)
    - Oversupination of your feet. (high arch)
    - Inappropriate footwear
    - Increasing your training too quickly
    - Running on hard or angled surfaces
    - Decreased flexibility at your ankle joint
    - Poor knee flexion alignment
    - Poor buttock control at in the stance phase
    - Poor core stability
    - Tight calf muscles, hamstrings
  • How is shin splints diagnosed?
  • Shin splints are usually diagnosed based on your medical history and a physical examination by your podiatrist. In some cases, an X-ray or other imaging studies such as bone scans or MRI can help identify other possible causes for your pain for example, a stress fracture.
  • How is it treated?
  • - As with most soft tissue injuries the initial treatment is - Rest, Ice and Protection
    - Anti-inflammatory
    - Laser treatment to encourage circulation and healing
    - Footwear assessment and recommendation
    - Activity and training recommendations
    - Foot orthotics to correct the structural alignment which may be causing overload to the muscles attached to the shin
  • What results can I expect after treatment?
  • At Advanced Podiatry, we have several of our highly skilled podiatrists with a special interest in shin pain and joint injury. Together with a thorough knee and lower limb assessment, your treatment can progress quickly to get you pain-free and performing your normal sport or daily activities in the shortest time possible.