Sports and fitness

Treat your injuries correctly and get active again.

Heel & ankle pain

  • Heel pain is most often caused by plantar fasciitis, a condition that is also called heel spur syndrome.
    The 3 most common areas of ankle pain are the Achilles tendon (posterior ankle pain), the Tibialis posterior tendon (inside/medial ankle pain), and the Sinus tarsi syndrome (outside/lateral ankle pain).
  • Symptoms - Heel
  • Central heel to mid arch pain, ranging from a dull to a sharp pain
  • Morning rising pain
  • Pain after rest
  • Pain may reduce after walking 5-10 minutes but remain as a low grade ache during the day
  • Symptoms - Achilles Tendon
  • Pain and swelling of the Achilles tendon at the back of the heel
  • Symptoms - Posterior Tibial Tendon
  • Flattening of the arch, and an inward rolling of the ankle
  • Pain and swelling in the outside of the ankle
  • Symptoms - Sinus Tarsi Syndrome
  • Sharp stabbing pain in the outside of the ankle
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Forefoot pain

  • There are many types of conditions which may result in forefoot pain. These are explained in more detail within this section.
  • General forefoot pain symptoms
  • Pain on the ball of the foot. It can feel like there’s a marble in the shoe or a sock is bunched up
  • Swelling in the area of pain, including the base of the toe
  • Tingling, burning or numbing that is localised or radiating down the toes
  • A feeling that something is inside the ball of the foot
  • Swelling, redness or bruising around the forefoot
  • Dull to sharp pain under the ball of the big toe
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Knee pain

  • Patellofemoral pain syndrome is the medical term for pain felt behind your kneecap, where your patella (kneecap) glides over your thigh bone (femur). This joint is known as your patellofemoral joint. This one of the most common knee complaints of both the young active sportsperson and the elderly.
  • Symptoms
  • The onset of kneecap pain is normally gradual rather than immediate
  • Stairs, squatting, kneeling, hopping, running or using stairs are commonly painful
  • Kneecap pain may also be experienced when in a sustained knee bend eg. sitting in a chair
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Shin & leg pain

  • Shin pain is a very common lower leg complaint that is often referred to as shin splints. Shin splints often involve small tears of the leg muscle near the shin bone. It is more common among people involved in athletic pursuits such as running and walking, although non-athletic activities such as standing all day at work can also lead to shin splints.
  • Symptoms
  • Tightness, tenderness to touch the edge of the shin bone
  • Throbbing of the shins during and/or after activity
  • The symptoms can often disappear during rest, but return as soon as activity is resumed
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